What is Cheese?
Cheese is a dairy product extracted from milk that brings out different tastes, textures, and types. Cheese produced from different milk proteins of cow, buffalo, sheep, and goat. Generally, it is made by curdling of milk with the enzyme rennet, lactic acid, or plant extracts. And also various ingredients to boost up the flavors. They are so many varieties of cheese available in the market. Every texture and flavor is different from others. Cheese consists of a bundle of essential nutrients like calcium, protein, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamins like A, B2, B12.
How is cheese prepared?
Cheese preparation performed in various steps. Firstly depending on the types, they choose fresh milk which having lactic acid or pasteurized milk with a culture bacteria which generates lactic acid will select for preparation. In the next process, add animal or vegetable rennet to the milk after that curd will separate from the milk. After that, the curd is going to press to remove the moisture from it. For the next step ageing with different flavoring ingredients and stored in proper temperature and humidity. Lastly, for storage and packing, it going wrapped in wax or cloth to protect from other bacterial growth, and salt is going spread all over for long storage.
Is cheese is healthy to eat?
It is an excellent source of protein and calcium, and it also contains a high amount of vitamins, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus. It helps in the growth of healthy bones and teeth. Similarly, it also has saturated fats and sodium. So it has both good factors and bad factors in it.
- Including cheese in your diet gives nutritional balance. It gives the proper balance of calcium protein.
- It prevents cavity problems. And also gives a proper supplement of calcium to th body, which gives huge benefits to the teeth.
- Helps in Osteoporosis Treatment.
- Strong bone development
- Consumption of more than the portion leads to some health risks like heart attack, blood pressure, diabetes because it consists of bad saturated fats.
- Intake of more leads to an increase in body weight.
- Cheese has high levels of sodium which causes diabetes, kidney disease, heart attack.
- It contains both good bacteria as well as bad bacteria so bad bacteria cause infection.
In conclusion, cheese consists of both health benefits and health risks. Including 40 grams of in our diet is a good proportion that gives health benefits like healthy heart management. But If we eat more then that it increases bad cholesterol in our body.
10 Popular types of Cheese :
There are hundreds and thousands of varieties available throughout the world. Every country created its flavor. However, we are going to see the ten best popular which is available and also the most used.
# 1. Mozzarella:
Cheese which originated from Italy. It is produced from cow or buffalo milk. It consists of 45% Fat content in it. The texture will be springy, and it looks in white. It is low moisture containing cheese, so it can be used in salads, meats, seafood, and pizza. Moreover, it is low in sodium and calories, so it is a healthy cheese to include in our diet
# 2. Parmesan:
Parmesan made from unpasteurized cow milk. The origin is from Italy. The fat percentage is nearly 25%. The texture will dense and crystalline. It helps in weight management and also low fat and carbohydrate cheese rich in protein and calcium. Mainly it is less lactose cheese. It is used in all baking and main-course dishes.
# 3. Ricotta:
Ricotta made from the cow, buffalo, goat, sheep’s pasteurized or unpasteurized milk. The origin of this cheese in Italy. The texture of it will be fluffy and creamy. The color of the cheese is white, and the fat content is nearly 10%. It mostly consists of double calcium and four-time more in zinc compared to the other. As it consists of low fat compared to others, so it is good to eat ricotta. Mainly ricotta used in lasagna, Italian casseroles, ravioli, and other recipes.
# 4. Cottage:
The cottage is the fresh cheese. This is a form of curd which drained to take out all the moisture in it. Moreover, it has a very mild flavor, and it is smooth in texture. This is the best probiotic food. Consists of calcium, vitamin B12, selenium, phosphorus, riboflavin. The cottage can be included in breakfast recipes like sandwiches, waffles, Mini-Frittatas, and so many other desserts also. As it a low-fat, it is healthy to eat.
# 5.Cheddar :
Cheddar is a product of pasteurized cow milk. This is originated from England. It is crumbly in texture, and the fat content will be 9grams / 100grams. And also, it looks pale yellow; it is creamy in flavor. The cheese gives a good source of calcium, which helps in strong, healthy bones, and strong teeth, wound healing, and blood clotting. Cheddar mostly used in recipes like a casserole, appetizers, and also some breakfast dishes.
# 6. Feta:
Feta made from pasteurized or unpasteurized goat or sheep milk, and this cheese originated from Greece. The fat content in a 100grams feta cheese is 20 grams. The texture will be creamy, crumbly, and grainy, and the color will be white. The flavor will be a little bit tangy and salty. Feta will give you a high protein diet, and it also gives a high amount of vitamins and phosphorous. And the sad part is it also has high sodium so people with high blood pressure and diabetes should avoid having this cheese in their diet. Finally, used in soups, salads, roasted vegetables because of the salty, tangy flavor.
# 7. Gouda:
This cheese produced from a pasteurized or an unpasteurized cow, goat, or sheep milk. Netherland is the origin of the cheese. Fat content is nearly 31gm per 100gms. The texture will be dense, springy, and crumbly. The flavor is creamy and nutty, and the color will be light yellow. Like every cheese, gouda also has healthy nutrients and the mineral and also a good source of calcium. But it has a high-fat content, so while having gouda cheese, we have to be more conscious about the portion. The common usage will be in apple pies, cheese grill, and cheese crisps.
# 8. Brie:
Brie produced from unpasteurized cow milk. The country of origin of this is France. The fat content of 100 grams of brie is nearly 8 grams. the texture of this cheese will be buttery and soft, and the flavor is tangy nutty fruity, and the color is cream color. Moreover, brie is healthy to take because low in fats and carbohydrates. Above all, it helps in healthy weight management because of dense fullness. It controls the appetite and also weight loss. Mainly brie is used in sandwiches, toast and also in some desserts.
# 9. Blue Veined:
This can be produced from pasteurized or unpasteurized cow/ goat/ sheep milk. The texture is creamy, and the color of the cheese is blue. The flavor is sharp, salty, and tangy. The fat content of 100grams of blue-veined cheese will be approximately 29 grams. the health benefits of the blue-veined cheese are a healthy heart, prevent arthritis and Osteoporosis and also boost the immune system. In addition to that, we can use in burger spread, or yummy crispy dip and also for different desserts.
# 10. Cream:
The cream cheese made from pasteurized or unpasteurized cow milk and origin is from the united states. The cream cheese will be so creamy and spreadable in texture. The fat content of the cheese for every 100gram is 98 grams. Secondly, the color is white, and the flavor will be mild and sweet. The health benefits are a good source of vitamin A, antioxidants, and probiotics. The cons of the cream cheese are low in protein and high in fats. In addition to that, the cream used in soups, for making cheesecakes, spreads, and also pasta sauce.
What is the most expensive Cheese?
Some varieties are very expensive, but why it is expensive is because of the ageing process and also the wastage of milk. For the ageing process, we have to maintain a certain temperature and humidity. The process includes storage and labor cost and maintaining the environment. So finally here we are going to see the three most expensive.
- Pule the world’s most expensive cheese which costs around $600/ lb produced from a Balkan donkey from Serbian. The texture will be crumbly and white in color.
- White Stilton Gold it cost $420/lb and it is tangy creamy in flavor and different fruit flavor lemon, ginger and many other.
- Wyke Farms Cheddar cost around $200/lb the most expensive and popular. And also one of the most traditional cheese.